American Colonists Speak Up!


The Declaration of Independence is considered one of the most famous break up letters of all time. This letter was written by Thomas Jefferson, and was signed by the Second Continental Congress. The letter states the reasons the British colonies of North America desired independence in the year of 1776 in July. The Declaration of Independence is similar to a break up letter because colonists stated their reasons of wanting to overthrow their ruler, King George.

The introduction relies on the philosophical and political idea of the enlightenment from the 18th century. These ideas evolved from Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and, most particularly, John Locke. Locke believed that by nature, humans had the right to the protection of health, life, possessions and liberty. Jefferson modified this when he said the unalienable rights incorporate “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.” Locke also disputed in the divine right of kings, which was when the king held absolute power because they are placed on their throne by the power of God. The divine right insisted that people have the right to consent their government and the power of law making which was violated by King George.

The Declaration included grievances, which is a real or imagined wrong or other cause for complaint or protest, especially unfair treatment, of the American colonists. They included these grievances to explain why they want to over throw King George and to show what the king did wrong. “He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance…” The Declaration explains King George took American Colonists rights of the governor of the colonies to past rights and he refused to agree to the laws of colonists well being. This related to the consent of government because the king hasn’t held up his duty to help the colonists’ state of nature and hasn’t allow them to pass laws that are necessary to keep them safe which agitated the colonists. Another grievance was “He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance. For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us.” The king sent representatives of the British to the colonists to bother them and British troops forced the colonists to feed them their food and take their supplies. This empties the concept of natural rights (property and liberty) and upsets the colonists because King George made colonists feed British troop their own food and also violated their freedom.


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